Succulent Gardening: The Art of Nature

A thru Z | Aeonium | Agaves | Aloes | Cactaceae|
Caudiciforms | Cotyledons & Graptos | Cuttings|
Crassulas, Adromischus, Dudleyas + | Echeveria |
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Adenium obesum are also known as the "Desert Rose"
because of their beautiful flowers

Adeniums are Caudiciforms with a bulbous caudex, (thick stem) where they store water. They come from eastern Africa and southern Arabia. Adenium like full sun in summer with fertilizer and regular watering. In winter Adenium obesum should be kept above 45°F (7°C) at night with higher day temperature. Water sparingly in winter, as they are dormant. Water once a month to keep the roots alive. Some Adenium lose their leaves in winter so don't be alarmed. When choosing an Adenium check the firmness of the stem. If an Adenium is put in the ground it can reach 6' tall in habitat where the weather is generally warmer year round. In containers they will be much smaller.  Although adeniums are succulents, in summer they are like tropicals enjoying lots of water. In hot weather, they are flowering and have lots of leaves. Be careful though not to give so much water as to rot the roots but water generously and allow them to dry out. If they become leggy, cut the stem at a pleasing height forcing it to branch out. Frost sensitive! In winter 2006, I had to cut back many of my Adenium because they were damaged in the frost. Though my decision to cut was based on frost, I learned how forgiving and how beautiful they would become.  They returned branching out and becoming fuller more interesting plants. Adenium obesum forms a thick, bottle-shaped caudex to a foot or more in diameter with multiple branches. The leaves are glossy deep green, with somewhat wavy margins, depending upon the species. Adenium obesum, is sometimes called "Desert Rose" for the profuse flowers that are 2-3" in diameter and occur in bright crimsons, reds or pinks with white centers. Some new hybrids of Adenium can bloom nearly year round. Natural habitat include Kenya, Tanzania and Arabia. The genus Adenium is related to Oleanders and Pachypodiums. If plant is handled, wash hands thoroughly with soap and water. Refrain from touching eyes. Often used as a bonsai subject. Prefers an extra porous soil. Bright light with ample airflow. Requires protection from the frost. Pink Adenium are always arabicum. Adenium arabicum is a species of plant commonly used for bonsai and cultivated for its leaves, growth form and flowering characteristics. The leaves of this species have a broad surface. Leaves also tend to be large and somewhat leathery in appearance. Growth form is squat and fat, with a definite caudex and without much differentiation between trunk and branches. Skin is purple to dark brown color. Flowers range from pink to reddish pink. Arabicum can tolerate colder weather than obesum.

           large adenium                                                              adenium flower
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