Succulent Gardening: The Art of Nature

A thru Z | Aeonium | Agaves | Aloes | Cactaceae|
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Euphorbiaceae | Gasteria~Haworthia |
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~Updated July 28th, 2014~ We try our best to keep up to date and this is a busy time. We apologize if we miss something.

Euphorbias

Click on photographs for enlargements and plant growing information

Not to be confused with cacti, Euphorbias may look like cacti because of their "spines". Some Euphorbias have formations known as "peduncles", which are dried remnants from flowering stalks, and tend to give the plant an extra-terrestrial appearance.These spines are actually what are left over from from the flowers. While Euphorbias do not have the "areole" (a felty area from which the spines arise on cacti), they do have an analogous area that is a hard, horned ellipse along the angle of the stem known as a "spine shield". Interestingly, the spine shield is the origin of the spines and flowers for the Euphorbia, just as the areole performs the same function for the cacti. Euphorbias do not have the organ to create a spine. Also, Euphorbias originated in Africa , where true cacti do not exist. These plants can take a wide range of light, from light to shade, to full sun outdoors, to good indoor light. They have a resting period in winter and require less water and no fertilizer at that time. Euphorbias love warmth and are frost tender. Euphorbias can be propagated by cuttings taken in early summer. Let the cuttings dry for a few days up to several weeks, and plant them up to make new plants. When working with Euphorbias, always be careful not to let their milky sap touch your skin or eyes as it is a harsh irritant! According to the International Euphorbia society - Euphorbiaceae is the name given to one of the largest families in the plant world, sometimes known as spurges. It includes around 300 genera and 7,500 species, and of these around 870 are regarded as succulent. Like all Euphorbias they contain a white sap that can be irritating to eyes and mucous membranes. Take care if you get the sap on your hands not to touch your face or eyes. Wash with soap and water. Leaves come in various shapes and sizes but are sometimes reduced to thorns. There are also countless hybrids of E. milii, some of great horticultural interest, as well as hardy species suitable for the garden or rockery.

Euphorbia anoplia
Sizes

Euphorbia anoplia are native to Africa. They are short with dense clusters. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch during active growing season. Requires bright light to look their best. Protect from frost. All Euphorbias contain a white sap that can be irritating to eyes and mucous membranes. If contact is made with this white sap, take care to not touch face or eyes before washing hands with soap and water..... Click photo for photo with flowers

Euphorbia aeruginosa 4" pot $4

Euphorbia aeruginosa, native to South Africa, forms branching 4-sided aqua pencil-like stems with coppery spines extending from dark vertical bands along the margins of the stems. Will form clumps to 10" wide and approximately 7" in height. Profuse lemon yellow flowers in February. Plant in a porous soil with adequate drainage. Prefers bright to filtered light with ample airflow. Please CLICK photo for complete plant information.

Euphorbia bupleurifolia
Sizes

Euphorbia bupleurifolia, native to South Africa, is a caudiciform Euphorbia that develops a fat caudex topped with a tuft of long leaves. Stem has spirally arranged tubercles that are reminiscent of a pineapple with long slender leaves at the growing tip. Offsets freely to form large clusters. Responds well to warmth, with its active growth period in the late spring and summer months. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch during the active growing season. click photo for more information.

Euphorbia caput-medusae 6" pot $8

Euphorbia decaryi 4" pot $7.50
This is a more mature plant; the plants we will ship will be smaller.

Euphorbia decaryi spirosticha
4" pot $7.50
Euphorbia enopla
Sizes

Euphorbia enopla, native to South Africa, forms 5-angled stems with very straight, strong dark red spines. Branches generously form the base to form wide clusters. Can grow to approximately 3' in height in time. As with most Euphorbias, responds well to warmth, growing actively in late spring and during summer months. Porous soil with aequate drainage. Filtered to bright light with ample airflow. Click photo for more information.

Euphorbia esculenta
Sizes

They are quite beautiful now!

Euphorbia flanaganii medusa
Unavailable

Euphorbia flanaganii, native to South Africa, is one of the "medusoids", or plants forming a central basal "caudex" with "arms" arising from the basal area. This is the cristate form, which forms deep emerald green fan-shaped stems that resemble "green coral". Click photo for more information.

Euphorbia flanaganii crested
Sizes

Euphorbia flanaganii, native to South Africa, is one of the "medusoids", or plants forming a central basal "caudex" with "arms" arising from the basal area. This is the cristate form, which forms deep emerald green fan-shaped stems that resemble "green coral". Cristate forms generally occur when injury occurs to the plant at a young age Click photo for more information.

Euphorbia genoudiana
Sizes

Euphorbia genoudiana, native to Madagascar, is a small spiny shrubby plant with waxy stems heavily armed with waxy bone-colored spines. Is similar in appearance to an Alluaudia or Didierea. Long, very slender leaves. shrub with very long thread-like leaves. Cyathia bright red, cyathophylls with sharp points. Tiny green cyathia (analogous to flowers of other plants). Uncommon. All Euphorbias contain a white sap that can be irritating to eyes and mucous membranes. If contact is made with this white sap, take care to not touch face or eyes before washing hands with soap and water. Responds well to warmth, with its active growth period in the late spring and summer months. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Requires bright light for best appearance, and should be given a winter resting period at which time less water should be given. Grow to 10" tall. Protect from frost.

Euphorbia hybrid (1)
4" pot $5

This plant is more light green/yellow than it appears. It is not very common.

Euphorbia lactea
Sizes

Euphorbia lactea, native to India and Ceylon, forms a candelabra-type specimen with deep green stems splashed zig-zaggedly down the centers with a lighter silvery green. In time, can become a small tree with a corky trunk topped by a canopy of hundreds of marbled green branches. These plants require some shade, they burn easiely. They get sunburned easily but will continue growing. Please click photo for complete information.

Euphorbia lactea crest
Sizes

Euphorbia lactea cristata forms intricately undulating fan-shaped branches of attractive dark green with zig-zag patterns of light green and silvery white. This is an unusual cristate form that grows laterally as fan shapes densely covered with golden spines. Photo is a 6" plant. The 4" pots have smaller plants. Click photo for more information.

Euphorbia leucodendron
Temporarily unavailable

Euphorbia leucodendrons are native to Madagascar, forms spineless, rounded pencil-like green stems with darker "polka dots" to 1/2" in diameter. Offsets from the base to form clusters of cylindrical stems to over 3' in height.Responds well to warmth, with its active growth period in the late spring and summer months. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Please click photo for more information.

Euphorbia leuconeura
Coming 2015

Euphorbia leuconeura, the Madagascar jewel, is a species of plant in the Euphorbiaceae family. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitat is forest undergrowth in rocky areas. It can grow to a height of 6', as a branching small tree, and propagates by shooting its seeds several feet into the air. It is threatened by habitat loss. The Madagascar Jewel is grown as a houseplant for its attractive foliage: dark green leaves, with white veins when young. Unlike many succulents, Euphorbia leuconeura is less susceptible to overwatering. It grows best in partial shade but tolerates full shade and is relatively easy to care for providing it is not exposed to cold drafts.

Euphorbia mammillaris 6" pot $8

Euphorbia mammillaris, native to South Africa, forms an erect club-shaped stem with squarish tubercles in rows resembling "corn cobs". Branches freely with lateral "club-shaped" offsets. Stems have pinkish-brown persistent thorns that become purplish red with age. Occurs also as a beautiful variegated form with ivory white stems that blush pink in cold weather. Please click photo for more information.

Euphorbia mammillaris var
6" pot $8

Euphorbia mammillaris variegata is aka "Indian Corn Cob". It forms stems in rows that look like "corn cobs". They are a light green with dark green and turn pink in the sun. Their growth time is late spring and summer months. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch during active growing season. It needs bright light to look its best. They need to rest in winter and given less water. Please click photo for more information.

Euphorbia medusoid hybrid
Only available in 6" & 7"
Sizes

The 7" pot medusoids are very large. I will choose the most interesting ones first when i ship.

 

Euphorbia millii red
1 gallon pot $15

Euphorbia millii, native to Madagascar, forms xerophytic shrubs with slender, thorny stems. Small green leaves during growing season. Many various forms, including some that never exceed 6" in height to those that can grow to 4' in height. Many new hybrids are introduced each year, as well as some cultivars that have been selected for especially large flowers. Please click photo for more information.

Euphorbia monstrose
Sizes

 

Euphorbia millotti
Sizes

This is one of my favorite euphorbias. Granted it looses it's leaves in winter. From spring to winter, it is filled with deep green colored leaves on top and red on the underside. The plant in the photo is my personal plant that I have been growing for about 3 years. The plants I am selling are single and double branches. The one in the photo is a plant I have been growing for 6 years. of course now it is much larger than in the photo.

Euphorbia muirii 5" pot $6

The Euphorbia muirii is very similar to flanaganii. The brown nubs you see are remnants of all the flowers it had. Euphorbia muirii has a medusa head forming a thick central trunk with a fat trunk. This medusa head can also form a fat tuber in the soil. The fingers are thick and can form new heads. It has yellow and white flowers when in bloom. It likes full sun in most climates and water sparingly. Protect from frost.

Euphorbia neohumberti
4" pot $7

After Dormancy in winter, they have small red flowers and then send out their beautiful leaves. Euphorbia neohumbertii do not have leaves in winter.

Euphorbia obesa 3" pot $4

Euphorbia obesa, native to South Africa, is a fascinating plant with nearly spherical grayish-green stems with transverse bands of different shades of green. Often, especially in bright light, the bands are an attractive contrasting purplish-bronze. Great conversation piece. The euphorbia obesa is known as the Basketball plant. The obesum in 6" pots are baseball size. Please click photo for more information. Most of the 6" size are bigger than a baseball.

Euphorbia obesa species $25
Larger than a golf ball
on their way to baseball size
Euphorbia symmetica come from South Africa (Cape Province: Willowmore, Beaufort W. Euphorbia symmetica look just like Euphorbia obesa, but they are rounder, flatter and not growing as tall.   It has usually more, somewhat different, markings. The flowers are also more numerous with several from each point of origin, it has as well a distinctive long taproot.  They like a sunny position. It does best in a mineral soil, good drainage is essential. Water sparingly during the summer months and keep dry in winter. It is a slow growing long lived plant and once established, it will be content in its position and with its soil for years.

 

NEW
Euphorbia pachypodioides $7

Watering and Fertilizing: During their growing season, these plants like regular watering and fertilizing. For most, the period of growth is from Spring into Fall. Many plants rest (stop putting on growth) from late Fall to early Spring, when temperatures are cool and daylight length is short, and during mid-Summer, when temperatures are at their peak. How often to water and fertilize: While growing, cacti and succulents should be watered at least once a week. Some people water more often than this. During each watering, give the soil a good soaking, so that water runs out of the 'drainage holes' of the pots.
NEW
Euphorbia poissoni 3 1/2" pot $25

An erect much-branched shrub 1,2 > 2 m high, with candelabriform branching with one to several columns and topped with large green leaves during the growing season, occasionally sub-spiny, Stems: Branches cylindrical, succulent, often indistinctly tessellate, 3-3,5 cm thick silvery-grey, stout. Spines: Not spiny or sometimes with rudimentary, single spines, or with spines present only on young plants. So it would appear E. poissonii can be spineless or have one spine. Leaves: Leafless or with 5-6 deciduous pale green leaves at the apex.

Euphorbia polygona
Sizes

Euphorbia polygona, native to South Africa, forms a ribbed chunky columnar plant of glaucous grey-green and is heavily armed with spiny protuberances ("peduncles", otherwise known as persistent flower stalks). The cultivar 'Snowflake' is chalky white and has fewer spiny protuberances. It has been said that only a single 'Snowflake' was ever found in Africa. Many new hybrids have been created using 'Snowflake' as it tends to pass on excellent genetics for attractive plants.

Euphorbia pseudoglobosa
Sizes

It is a dwarf slow and low growing spineless succulent that looks like a cactus, eventually forming a subterranean caudex (often lifted up into view in cultivation for looks) It forms thick mats of dwarf subshrubs up to 20 cm in diameter. Stem: Globular to elongated, segmented fingers 2-10 cm tall, branching off from a caudiciform base, Click photo for more information.

Not available at this time
Euphorbia schoenlandii

Euphorbia schoenlandii come from Port Elizabeth - South Africa. Euphorbia schoenlandii is a small pickle shaped succulent srublet with prominent spiny tubercles, sometimes resembling a green pineapple, usually single stemmed but may branch with age. Stem: Up to 20 cm thick and 100(-130) cm tall, upright growing and club-shaped with large conical tubercles up to 12 mm long. Spines: 2,5-5 cm long, the “spines” are only the stout, woody, withered remains of fertile peduncles which endure. Cultivation: Like a sunny position. It does best in a mineral soil, good drainage is essential. Water sparingly during the summer months and keep dry in winter.Please click photo for more information.

Euphorbia spiralis
6" pot $8

Euphorbia 'Spiralis' forms grayish green stems with spiralling ribs and small deciduous leaves. Long persistent flower peduncles give surrealistic alien look. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light and ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Protect from frost. All Euphorbias contain a white sap that can be irritating to eyes and mucous membranes. If contact is made with this white sap, take care to not touch face or eyes before washing hands with soap and water. Responds well to warmth, with its active growth period in the late spring and summer months.

not so NEW but popular
Euphorbia spiralis cristata
6" pot $8

Euphorbia 'Spiralis' forms grayish green stems with spiralling ribs and small deciduous leaves. This is a cristate cultivar which forms fanned stems of grayish-green that grow like convolutions of a brain. Very attractive collector item. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Bright light and ample airflow. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch. Protect from frost. please click photo for more information.

Euphorbia suzanne
Unavailable

Euphorbia suzannae, native to South Africa, forms small, knobby spherical emerald green stems to 1" or so in diameter. Clusters profusely to form wide clumps to 10" in diameter. Each stem has "toothed" ridges along the margins, and often has deciduous leaves during active growth. Responds well to warmth, with its active growth period in the late spring and summer months. Please click on photo for complete information.

Euphorbia tirrucalli
Sizes

Euphorbia tirucalli, native to arid South Africa, grows very rapidly, branching readily to form large stands. This plant will become a strking specimen in time. Known as the "Pencil Plant" for the curious pencil-shaped stems which at times have tiny leaves present at the growing tips. Responds well to warmth, with its active growth period in the late spring and summer months. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Please CLICK photograph for complete information.

Euphorbia tirucalli,
sticks of fire

Sizes

Euphorbia tirucalli firesticks is a native of South Africa. "Firesticks" is a red form. They have the most color fall through spring when they become inflamed with brilliant pinkish red in the cooler winter months. Their growth period is in the late spring and summer months. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch during active growing season. They need bright light to full sun to look their best. They need rest in winter so cut back on watering.

Euphorbia trigona rubra
Sizes

Euphorbia trigona 'Royal Red' is a beautiful rich burgundy cultivar of Euphorbia trigona. A cultivar occurs when an environmental or other factor causes changes in a plant. A cultivar is not a hybrid; It is rather a change in the DNA of the cells of one unique plant. Please CLICK the photograph for complete information. The 8" pots are well branched, while the 6" have just a couple.

Euphorbia trigona rubra
1 gallon multi branch $11

Euphorbia trigona 'Royal Red' is a beautiful rich burgundy cultivar of Euphorbia trigona. A cultivar occurs when an environmental or other factor causes changes in a plant. A cultivar is not a hybrid; It is rather a change in the DNA of the cells of one unique plant. Please CLICK the photograph for complete information. The 8" pots are well branched, while the 6" have just a couple.

Euphorbia trigona rubra
2 gallon multi branch $15

Euphorbia trigona 'Royal Red' is a beautiful rich burgundy cultivar of Euphorbia trigona. A cultivar occurs when an environmental or other factor causes changes in a plant. A cultivar is not a hybrid; It is rather a change in the DNA of the cells of one unique plant. Please CLICK the photograph for complete information. The 8" pots are well branched, while the 6" have just a couple.

Euphorbia trigona 6" pot $8

Euphorbia trigona is native to tropical western Africa. Excellent for use in bright areas of the home or office or as a patio plant in more temperate regions. Euphorbia trigona has green stems with 3-4 sides and white to light green marbling down the center of each stem. In time, becomes a much branched shrub to 6' in height. Responds well to warmth, with its active growth period in the late spring and summer months. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Please click photo for complete information.

Monadenium coccineum
shipping to California & Arizona only
Sizes

Monadenium coccineum, native to Tanzania, is a member of the family Euphorbiaceae. Forms 5-angled segmented stems with very succulent, serrated lime green leaves. Flower is bright scarlet and looks similar to a miniature orchid flower. Responds well to warmth, with its active growth period in the late spring and summer months. Porous soil with adequate drainage. Requires bright light for best appearance, and should be given a winter resting period at which time less water should be given. Protect from frost.

Monadenium ellenbeckii
Sizes

Monadenium ellenbeckii caulopodium forms clusters of lime-green, rounded pencil stems with elongated, smooth tubercles towards the tip. Stems have light reddish-brown striations. Porous soil with adequate drainage. They prefer bright, filtered light and warmth. Monadenium ellenbeckii can grow to 1 yard tall with just a few branches. Water thoroughly when soil is dry to the touch except in winter when they don't like moist soi. I barely water in winter. Protect from frost.

Monadenium ritchiei
ssp. nymbayense


Sizes

Easy to grow, it spreads by underground shoots and forms large clumps with time and therefore requires a broader pot. Monadenium ritchiei due to its African origin cannot tolerate freezing temperature but should be able to handle 7 degrees C very easily. However, that species seems to hate being wet for any extended period and rot easily especially in winter if overwatered. Barely water when the weather is cold. Likes light shade. Propagate by seeds or cuttings.


Monadenium rubellum
NOT available NOW
Sizes

This member of the Euphorbiaceae was given this name by Susan Carter in 1987. It is from the Machakos District of Kenya, a tropical part of Africa where it grows in a well drained soil and filtered sun. This species has a thick woody caudex from which arise thin, succulent, and striped stems. The leaves are obovate and succulent, and the cyathia are pink-red. The caudex will get up to 2.5 inches in diameter and the stems can reach a foot long. I water once a month November - March. Please click photo for complete information.

Click on photographs for enlargements

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